|Main Page||History||Isodarco Publications||Past Courses and Seminars|
|Andalo 2016||Beijing 2016||Andalo 2017|
|Recent Isodarco Publications||Isodarco Statute||Officers||Links|
Short ISODARCO History
(Work in Progress)
ISODARCO is an NGO founded in 1966 by two Italian physics professors, Edoardo Amaldi and Carlo Schaerf, that offers a unique international forum on security problems throughout the world. ISODARCO's purpose is to bring together those with a great variety of experiences and approaches relating to security problems. Their discussions focus on commissioned expert papers.
While it has always been associated with the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, ISODARCO never issues exhortations or proclamations. It does not campaign, nor it is even associated with any particular world view. The organization's characteristics are illustrated by the following:
Those attending come from a great variety of professions and backgrounds: military men and peace campaigners; diplomats and professors; nuclear scientists and historians. The common requirement ISODARCO sets for them all, however, is that they should be willing to engage in intellectually rigorous debate.
ISODARCO places great emphasis on the importance of young people being invited to attend meetings. Typically half of those attending will be in their twenties. And at the meetings chairmen of sessions are asked to give priority to allowing younger participants to offer their views and ask questions even though most of the formal presentations are given by more senior people. This emphasis on youth flows from one of ISODARCO's missions, to act as a teaching instrument. The young people must, however, demonstrate before being invited that they have a serious interest and commitment to security studies. Typically they are graduate students in a relevant discipline.
ISODARCO takes an unusually broad view of world security and did so even during the cold war. For example, it held sessions and published books relating to terrorism during the 1970s long before this subject became fashionable with mainstream security analysts. And it has likewise taken a long-standing interest in world security issues connected with energy, refugees, the environment, natural resources, and ethnic tensions.
The various ISODARCO meetings traditionally have been held in Italy. But recently there has been some internationalization in this respect, with conferences being held in Germany, Taipei, and, on six occasions, in China. As a result, ISODARCO has over two hundred alumni from mainland China and nearly that many from the island of Taiwan. The fact that it has been found possible for ISODARCO to co-host meetings both in Beijing and Taipei demonstrates the extent of its credibility in East Asia. Probably no other security-related NGO has, or could have, achieved this. The next meeting in China is scheduled for 2008. The first meeting on Middle East security, with a broad cast of participants, took place in Amman in March 1997.
The ISODARCO meetings
have resulted in the publication of 22 books by such London and New York
houses as Macmillan, John Wiley, St. Martin's Press and Dartmouth-Ashgate.
The majority of volumes have been edited by David Carlton, who is a British
historian based at the University of Warwick, and Carlo Schaerf, ISODARCO's
President and Director, who is Professor of Physics at the University of
Rome "Tor Vergata". The books reflect ISODARCO's approach over the last
three decades: the range of topics has been wide and the variety of viewpoints
has been extensive. (For details see the chapter on publications).
Lecturers at ISODARCO have included:
J. Acton (Great Britain), R. Adams (U.S.A.), Y. Alexander (U.S.A.), E. Amaldi (Italy), A. Arbatov (Russia), G. Arbatov (Russia), N. Arbatova (Russia), G. Arya (Thailand), F. Barnaby (Great Britain), W. Graf von Baudissin (Germany), N. Behar (Bulgaria), J. B. Bell (U.S.A.), R. Bjornerstedt (Sweden), A. Boserup (Denmark), G. Bunn (U.S.A.), F. Calogero (Italy), D. Carlton (Great Britain), G. Chapman (U.S.A.), A. Cohen (U.S.A.),V. Emelyanov (Russia), W. Epstein (Canada), M. De Andreis(Italy), P. Dombrowski (U.S.A.), L. Eden (U.S.A.), B. T. Feld (U.S.A.), L. Freedman (Great Britain), J.F. Freymond (Switzerland), R. Garwin (U.S.A.), Bates Gill (Sweden), K. Gottstein (Germany), S. Goudman (U.S.A.), E. W. Hamburger (Brazil), P. Hillyard (Ireland), F. von Hippel (U.S.A.), D. Holloway (U.S.A.), E. Jacchia (Italy), B. Jasani (India), V. Journé (France), S. Kapitza (Russia), M. Kaplan (U.S.A.), C. Kaysen (U.S.A.), C. McArdle Kelleher (U.S.A.), R. I. Khasbulatov (Russia), P. Lellouche (France), J. Lewis (U.S.A.), S. Lodgaard (Norway), E. Mendelsohn (U.S.A.), J. K. Miettinen (Finland), M. A. Milstein (Russia), J. Moch (France), H. Morgenthau (U.S.A.), H. Muller (Germany), R. Neild (Great Britain), G. Neuneck (Germany), J. M. Parillo (U.S.A.), I. M. Pascu (Romania), A. Rapoport (U.S.A.), G. Rathjens (U.S.A.), J. Reppy (U.S.A), O. A. Reutov (Russia), R. S. Roggers (U.S.A), B. Roling (The Netherlands), J. Rotblat (Great Britain - Nobel Prize for Peace), J. Ruina (U.S.A.), T. Schelling (U.S.A.), H. Scoville (U.S.A.), E.Solingen (U.S.A.), R. Somerville (U.S.A.), J. Steinberger (U.S.A.- Nobel Prize for Physics), M. Sturmer (Germany), K. Subrahmanyam (India), O. Sukovic (Yugoslavia), P. Sylos Labini (Italy), N. Tannenwald (U.S.A), H. Tromp (The Netherlands), K. Tsipis (U.S.A.), D. Ch.Webb (Great Britain), S. Wright (UK), H. F. York (U.S.A), D. Zinberg (U.S.A.).
ISODARCO has received
financial support at various time since 1966 from a number of quarters:
the Italian National Research Council, the Universities of Rome "La Sapienza"
and "Tor Vergata", the University of Trento, the Italian Ministry of Cultural
Affairs, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Ford Foundation,
the Volkswagen Foundation and, most recently, the MacArthur Foundation.
The annual budget has been modest, allowing for the employment of only
an organizing secretary.
ISODARCO's future plans include the continuation of its educational activity with the residential advanced courses and in addition attention will be given to two areas, in particular:
To build upon the experience
gained from the China/Taiwan model described above. This could involve
holding meetings in opposed countries in the Middle East, in the Balkans,
in South Asia or elsewhere. And it hopefully will mean further meetings
in both China and Taiwan.